The concepts of “sport” and “health” are inextricably linked. It is no coincidence that sport comes first in this formulation. Regular support of activity is important for health and is a basic component of a healthy lifestyle. It makes sense, as the body was created for movement, so when it’s deficient, it becomes sluggish, stiff, and sick.
The Importance of Physical Activity in a Person’s Life
Sport stimulates the metabolism, activates blood circulation, the work of the heart, lungs, and brain. Accordingly, physical activity is proportional to well-being and a sense of moral satisfaction with the world around us. It is psychological factors that, in most cases, determine a person’s quality of life.
A trained body recovers from injury much better and faster than an untrained one. It retains its natural mobility for longer, which does not limit a person’s ability to do what he or she wants to do when the desire arises. When bones and muscles are stressed, the human brain gives signals to increase vitality, improve performance and the quality of the work process. Exercise has a positive effect on memory and even stimulates creativity, developing talent and creative thinking.
As a result of regular exercise, a person forms a beautiful figure, which is important from a psychological point of view. Simultaneously with the elimination of stress, a person gains self-confidence and enjoys the process, enjoying every new achievement.
The Impact of Sports on the Body
Good physical shape is inseparable from a cardiovascular system that is prepared for hard work, muscular strength, athletic endurance and power of exertion, a healthy vestibular apparatus and coordination of movements, reaction speed and speed. Sport has a positive effect on the spine and develops the correct posture, supports the muscular frame and diaphragm, promotes the intensive burning of fat cells and the formation of a beautiful body.
Strengthening the Musculoskeletal System
A sedentary lifestyle is the scourge of our time. Today, teenagers and young people spend a lot of time on the Internet with gadgets, thinking that this is a good way to rest. In fact, after studying, which also takes place in a sedentary position, the body needs movement.
The same goes for adults. In the frantic rhythm of modern life, most of the time men and women spend on solving work issues, and after that on household chores, which eliminates the opportunity to go to the fitness room during the week. Sometimes the schedule is so tight that a person can’t even devote a few minutes of his time to working out at home. And again the musculoskeletal system – joints and bones, muscles and tendons, ligaments – suffers.
When a person makes even minor physical movements, muscles contract. Regular exercise thickens muscle fibers. This energizes the cells, whose health depends not only on vitamins, minerals and nutrients, but also on oxygen in the blood.
It’s important to properly distribute the load on the joints to eliminate the risk of developing osteoarthritis, osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis. These diseases arise from the destruction of joint cartilage.
Provide your body with a complex of vitamins and minerals. Particular attention should be paid to vitamin C, which stimulates the healthy development of connective tissues of tendons and ligaments, as well as phosphorus and calcium, which are responsible for the hardness of the bones.
Nervous System Development
From the perspective of the nervous system, exercise and sports activities are the strongest irritant to the human body. It can be noticed while watching live sport betting and seeing professional athletes. During exercise, conditioned-reflex connections are formed between different parts of the body – from the muscles, which are directly involved in performing the movements, to the internal organs, which are responsible for supplying oxygen to the tissues, as well as the cerebral cortex.
Each section of the nervous system is involved. By activating blood circulation and increasing the volume of oxygen, new nerve impulses and reflexes are formed in the brain, which have a beneficial effect on the functions of the entire body. New connections between neurons are solidified from training to training. This affects not only the visual state of muscles, but also the heart, blood vessels, and lungs: internal organs begin to work more actively and smoothly.
Sport restores and balances the processes of inhibition and excitation in the cerebral cortex, increasing its adaptability to new loads and the variability of external stimuli from the outside world.
Strengthening the Cardiovascular System
Moderate exercise with enviable regularity is beneficial to blood vessels, as it prevents the risk of venous thrombosis and varicose veins in the lower extremities. Thanks to physical activity, the number of red blood cells in the blood increases, which contributes to a better supply of oxygen to the tissues. In this way, the blood vessels gain elasticity and firmness.
The heart of a professional athlete pumps more blood per contraction than the heart of a person who eschews physical activity. That’s why it’s good for the elderly to exercise to reduce the risk of dangerous and common cardiovascular diseases such as ischemia, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
Physical activity can be arranged right at work or at home: replace the elevator with stairs and the bus ride with a walk. For your heart to thank you, remember about the morning exercise, which is enough to devote 10-15 minutes.
Improving respiratory function
The lungs of a person who is sedentary differ in size from those of an active person. Working out in the morning increases lung capacity by expanding the bronchi.
Sports improve the blood supply to the human internal organs and systems, so there is an uninterrupted flow of oxygen in sufficient quantity. This factor is also important for maintaining the health of the respiratory system.
Lack of full muscle work means inactive breathing, what is called “incomplete chest”. As a result, the cilia on the mucous membranes of the respiratory organs do not perform their function of eliminating foreign bodies in the body, ranging from dust particles to pathogenic bacteria.
So, microorganisms that enter the bronchi and lungs can get a foothold on the mucosa and cause disease. Hence weak immune system.
It’s necessary to consider the violation of natural thermoregulation mechanisms, which leads to hypothermia and development of colds. But regular sports exercises – prevention of many diseases by increasing the body’s resistance and resistance to various negative factors.
Improvement of the Metabolism
Sport has a positive effect on the totality of metabolic processes that occur in the human body around the clock. Active people have a stable protein metabolism, because regular physical activity provokes the body to increase nitrogen assimilation.
One should know that when the nitrogen balance is negative, people experience metabolic failures that provoke dangerous health problems. This tendency can lead to severe and painful weight loss. And with physical activity, proteins go to develop bones and build up a corset of muscles.
Any workout speeds up fat metabolism, as a result of which unwanted lipids leave the body and do not stay in the tissues. So, a well-designed daily exercise program will help keep a healthy balance.
It’s worth mentioning the carbohydrate metabolism, which is accelerated with the help of exercises. In this case, fructose and glucose are not converted into fat, but serve to obtain energy in larger quantities. The tissues of the body recover their natural sensitivity, which prevents the risk of acquiring diabetes.